ASTR 555

Spring Semester 2006 M Th 4:00 pm - 5:15 pm HBH 254

Instructor: Dr. Patrick Hartigan, Hermann Brown Rm. 352 , Phone: X2245

Texts: Annual Reviews of Astronomy and Astrophysics
          Protostars and Planets IV
          Protostars and Planets V
          You should have a copy of the PP-IV book.

Grading: Based on class presentations and participation


This is a course that will discuss the major areas of active research within the field of star formation and solar system origins. Every six years the international community holds a "Protostars and Planets" meeting. The latest, PP-V (the fifth), was just held in Hawaii last October. Each group presenting an invited talk also writes a detailed review of about 20 pages on the subfield, so the PP books are a great resource for everyone in the area.

For ASTR 555, students will choose subject areas to give presentations to the class. Review articles are drawn from the Annual Reviews of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Protostars and Planets IV, and Protostars and Planets V, though I may approve others you find in the literature.

The following list includes all the PP-V contributions (in italics, and numbered with a `P' prefix), and I selected a subset of PP-IV and ARAA papers that are written well. Since the PP-V papers are brand new, it is hard to know how well they are written. They should, however, be current. At this point we have titles only, but the articles should be available by the end of January. So we won't have them for the beginning of the semester but should for the later topics.

All reviews need to be photocopied and handed out one class in advance of when the presentation is to occur. If we all agree to purchase the PP-IV book, this will not be necessary for those articles. Presentations should not be limited strictly to what is in the review. Each of these is like a long AU presentation and will last about 45 minutes, including questions. We'll get done with two presentations each class, so there will be about 52 presentations in all, or about 9 per student.

Students should read the two articles before they come to class. If you are not presenting the article, you should look up one of the references in the article and be prepared to summarize the results from that reference. I will randomly pick someone from each talk as a secondary speaker, and when the main speaker reaches the point where the article is referenced, the secondary speaker will have $\sim$ 2 minutes to present the results of the reference. These references should not be review articles, but rather papers that derive some result that is important to the review.


Th Jan 12: Organization
M Jan 16: **MLK Day No Class
Th Jan 19: Greg (9) / Naved (5)
M Jan 23: Bobby (8) / Christine (1)
Th Jan 26: Aaron (6) / Antoun (7)
M Jan 30: Ram (2) / Antoun (10)
(F, 4pm) Feb 3: Christine (11) / Naved (14)
M Feb 6: Christine (11-cont) / Aaron (12)
Th Feb 9: Ram (3)
Th Feb 13: Greg (19)
M Feb 16: *Question Day*
M Feb 20: Antoun (16)
Th Feb 23: Naved (22) / Ram (Beckwith, Cricumstellar Disks) /
M Feb 27: Bobby (P17)
Th Mar 2: Christine (15) / Greg (P30)
M Mar 6: Aaron (P28) / Antoun (PPIV p247, Weintraub)
F Mar 10: Naved (P38) / Christine (P24)
M Mar 13: **RECESS**
Th Mar 16: **RECESS**
M Mar 20: Ram (P3) / Greg (P34)
Th Mar 23: Aaron (P33) / Antoun (P23)
M Mar 27: Greg (P42) / Aaron (P44)
Th Mar 30: Naved (P41) / Christine (P50)
M Apr 3: Ram (P29) / Naved (P43)
Th Apr 6: **BREAK**
M Apr 10: Antoun (ET-TBD) / Ram (P54)
Th Apr 13: Katherine (P55) / Christine (P49)
M Apr 17: Aaron (P36) / Greg (P35)
Th Apr 20: Proposal Review Handout
M Apr 24:PMH out of town
F Apr 28: **PROPOSAL REVIEW SESSION**/ Course Evaluations

Number Title Author Reference
I. Clouds and Cores
P1. Giant Molecular Clouds in Galaxies Blitz PPV
P2. Near-Infrared Extinction and the Structure and Lada PPV
Nature of Molecular Clouds
P3. Molecular Cloud Turbulence and Star Formation Ballesteros PPV
P4. Structure and Evolution of Low Mass Dense Cores: DiFrancesco PPV
An Observational Perspective
P5. Extreme Deuteration and Hot Corinos: The Earliest Ceccarelli PPV
Signatures of Low Mass Star Formation
P6. Fragmentation of Cores and the Origin of the Goodwin PPV
Primordial Binary Population
1. Chemical Evolution of Protostellar Matter Langer PPIV
2. Physical Conditions in Regions of Star Formation Evans 1999, ARAA 37, 311
3. ISO Spectroscopy of Gas and Dust: From Molecular van Dishoeck 2004, ARAA 42, 119
Clouds to Protoplanetary Disks
4. Massive Stars in the Local Group: Implications for 2003, ARAA 41, 51
Stellar Evolution and Star Formation

II. Star Formation and Protostars
P7. Stellar Properties of Embedded Protostars White PPV
P8. The Origin of the IMF Bonnell PPV
5. The Stellar Initial Mass Function: Constraints from Meyer PPIV
Young Clusters, and Theoretical Perspectives
6. Multiple Fragmentation of Protostars Bodenheimer PPIV

III. Young Binaries
P9. New Observational Frontiers in the Multiplicity Duchene PPV
of Young Stars
P10. Disk Evolution in Young Binaries: From Monin PPV
Observation to Theory
P11. The Masses of Pre-Main-Sequence Stars: Fundamental Mathieu PPV
Tests of the Physics of Young Stars
7. Young Binary Stars and Associated Disks Mathieu PPIV
8. The Origin of Binary Stars Tohline 2002, ARAA 40, 349
IV. Newborn Massive Stars
9. Ultra Compact HII Regions and Massive Star Churchwell 2002, ARAA 40, 27
P12. Ultracompact H II Regions and the Early Lives Hoare PPV
of Massive Stars
P13. The Formation of Massive Stars Beuther PPV
P14. Disks around Young O-B (Proto)Stars: Observations Cesaroni PPV
and Modeling
V. Jets and Outflows
P15. Observations of Jets and Outflows from Young Stars Bally PPV
P16. Jets and Bipolar Outflows from Young Stars: Shang PPV
Theory and Observations
P17. Resolving the Central Engine: An Observational Ray PPV
P18. Disk Winds, Jets, and Outflows: Theoretical Pudritz PPV
and Computational Foundations
P19. Molecular Outflows from Newborn Stars Arce PPV
10. Molecular Outflows from Young Stellar Objects Richer PPIV
11. Disk Winds and the Accretion-Outflow Königl PPIV
12. X-Winds: Theory and Observations Shu PPIV
13. HH Flows: Probes of Early Stellar Evolution Reipurth 2001, ARAA 39, 353
14. Shock Structures and Momentum Transfer in Hartigan PPIV
Herbig-Haro Jets
VI. Clusters and Associations
P20. The Structure and Evolution of Young Stellar Clusters Allen PPV
P21. The Low Mass Populations in OB Associations Briceno PPV
P22. The Taurus Molecular Cloud: Multi-Wavelength Surveys Guedel PPV
with XMM-Newton, Spitzer, and CFHT
15. The Formation of Stellar Clusters Clarke PPIV
16. Embedded Clusters in Molecular Clouds Lada 2003, ARAA 41, 57
17. Observations and Theory of Star Cluster Elmegreen PPIV
18. The Orion Nebula and its Associated Population O'Dell 2001, ARAA 39, 99
19. Young Stars Near the Sun Zuckerman 2004, ARAA 42, 685
VII. T Tauri Stars and Disks
P23. Star-Disk Interaction and Magnetospheric Accretion Bouvier PPV
in Classical T Tauri Stars
P24. Rotation: From Solar Mass Stars to Brown Dwarfs Herbst PPV
P25. Molecular Disks: mm/submm Interferometric Dutrey PPV
Observations and Their Interpretation
P26. Multiwavelength Imaging of Young Stellar Object Menard PPV
Disks: Toward an Understanding of Disk Structure
and Dust Grain Evolution
P27. Gas in Inner Disks Najita PPV
P28. Spatially Resolved Observations of the Close Millan-Gabet PPV
Circumstellar Environment of Youn Stars and
Implications for Star, Disk, and Planet Formation
P29. Models of Disk Structure, Spectra, and Evaporation Dullemond PPV
P30. Evolution of Circumstellar Disks Around Sun-Like Meyer PPV
Stars: Placing our Solar System in Context
P31. X-ray Properties of Young Stars and Stellar Clusters Feigelson PPV
20. Evolution of Disk Accretion Calvet PPIV
21. Disk Dispersal Around Young Stars Hollenbach PPIV
22. The FU Orionis Phenomenon and Solar Nebula Material Bell PPIV
23. Effects of Energetic Radiation in Young Stellar Glassgold PPIV
VIII. Brown Dwarfs
P32. The Formation of Brown Dwarfs: Theory Whitworth PPV
P33. The Formation of Brown Dwarfs: Observations Luhman PPV
P34. Not Alone: Tracing the Origins of Very Low Mass Burgasser PPV
Stars and Brown Dwarfs Through Multiplicity Studies
24. Brown Dwarfs Oppenheimer PPIV
IX. Planet Formation and Evolution
P35. Formation of Gas Giant Planets Lissauer PPV
P36. Gravitational Instabilities in Gaseous Protoplanetary Durisen PPV
Disks and Implications for Giant Planet Formation
P37. Gaseous Planets and Protostars: Birth and Fate Chabrier PPV
P38. The Diverse Origins of Terrestrial Planet Systems Nagasawa PPV
P39. Disk-Planet Interactions During Planet Formation Papaloizou PPV
P40. Planet Migration in Debris Disks Levison PPV
25. Orbital Evolution and Planet-Star Tidal Interaction Line PPIV
X. Extrasolar Planets
P41. A Decade of Radial-Velocity Exoplanet Discoveries Udry PPV
P42. When Exoplanets Transit Their Parent Stars Charbonneau PPV
P43. Direct Imaging of Extrasolar Planets Beuzit PPV
P44. Atmospheres and Evolution of Extrasolar Giant Planets Marley PPV
26. New Ideas in the Theory of Extrasolar Giant Burrows PPIV
Planets and Brown Dwarfs
XI. Dust and Protoplanetary Disks
P45. The Chemical Evolution of Protoplanetary Disks Bergin PPV
P46. Dust in Protoplanetary Disks: Properties and Evolution Natta PPV
P47. Aggregation and Transport of Dust in Disks as Dominik PPV
Initial Steps Toward Planet Formation
27. Dust Properties and Assembly of Large Beckwith PPIV
Particles in Protoplanetary Disks
XII. Early Solar System
P48. A Brief History of Trans-Neptunian Space Chiang PPV
P49. Physical Properties of Trans-Neptunian Objects Cruikshank PPV
P50. Water in Small Solar System Bodies Jewitt PPV
P51. Comet Grains and Implications for Heating and Wooden PPV
Radial Mixing in the Protoplanetary Disk
P52. Astronomical and Meteoritic Evidence for Thermal Alexander PPV
Processing of Interstellar Dust in Protoplanetary Disks
P53. From Dust to Planetesimals: Time Scales from Short-lived Wadhwa PPV
Radionuclides in the Early Solar System
P54. Origin and Evolution of Oxygen Isotopic Yurimoto PPV
Compositions of the Solar System
28. Comets: A Link Between Interstellar and Irvine PPIV
Nebular Chemistry
29. The Outer Solar System: Chemical Constraints Lunine PPIV
at Low Temperatures on Planet Formation
30. Kuiper Belt Objects: Relics From the Luu 2002, ARAA 40, 63
Accretion Disk of the Sun
XIII. Astrobiology
P55. From Protoplanets to Protolife: The Gaidos PPV
Emergence and Maintenance of Life
31. Evolution of a Habitable Planet Kasting 2003, ARAA 41, 429
32. Planet Habitability and the Origins of Life Chyba et al. PPIV

Another possible reference for review articles on outflows is 2003, Astrophysics and Space Science, Vol. 287. If you choose this volume you'll need to pick only the long (10+ pages) articles. For references, use the web page